Collected Details from the 1772 West Prussia Land Census - Family Lines
The Christian Remus and Anna Dorothea Warmbeir line:
Remus, Freischulz Ossowo Crojanke 18113050 6039 386 24
DKF (pp. 284-285) says the Schulz of this village was a Remus as far back as 1706; the village was also known as Aspenau. In 1706, Stephan Adam Grudzinski owned the property. The estate (Schultzengut) included the small lake known as Czarnice (czarny = black) - probably the Teufelsee or devil's lake - on the Schultzengut. This Frieschultz had 4 times the land allotment of the ordinary village farmer (bauer). Augustin Dzialynski of Pottlitz owned the land in 1772.
It is not clear who the Remus was that owned the village in 1706 (Johan Remus and Christine Berent below?). However, ZBS records that Christian Remus purchased this Schulzengut on 11 July 1754 for 2600 tymp by buying out the interests of his widowed mother Christine Berent and his brothers. Thus, the schultzengut must have been in the name of his late father Johan Remus and this transaction was designed to settle the estate. Christian got an inheritable lease on the property on Ossowo.
In 1772, the Freischulz was living with his wife (Anna Dorothea Warmbier), two sons over 12 years old (Johan and ?), one daughter under 12 years old (?), four hired male workers, and two hired female workers. There were 11 in the household. It is not clear who the Schulz was in Ossowo during the 1772 census; one would think the Schultz must be one of Christian's sons or brothers. The later Schultzes were Johan Remus (wife Eleanora Weis) in 1798 and his son Karl Remus (wife Clara Radies) after 1810. See LDS 491164 for Ossowo village in the Krojanke tax records.
Lanken in Kries Schlochau (modern Lakie) Johan Remus purchased an estate (Gut) in Lanken on 20 April 1724 for 3750 tymp (ZBS p. 13); his wife was Christine nee Berendt. Jakob Nehring acquired the gut on 24 March 1752 for 7000 tymf (ZBS p. 14); Johan Remus had died prior to this transaction. Jakob Nehring married Eva Rosina Remus, daughter of Frantz Remus of Stretzin below (Frantz was likely a brother of Johan). So the Remus genes, if not the name, were still present. Alexander Dzialynski of Pottlitz owned the land in 1724 and Augustin Dzialynski owned the land in 1752.
The Johan Remus and Christine Berent line
(son Christoph Remus and wife Eva Meske):
Remus, Christoph Waldau Cammin 18113047 6039 227 51
Remuss, Christoph Waldau Cammin 18113047 6041 115 51(duplicate)
Christoph Remuss is living with wife (Eva Meske), two sons (Martin and Franz), three daughters (Marianna, Eva and Christine); there are seven in household. Christoph is listed under a column labeled Halbbauern/literally half farmer. So he had some other work and farmed half time. Christoph was the father of Daniel (below).
Most of his older children were born in Vorwerk Lukowo, an extension of the village of Sypniewo that he managed until about 1744 when he began to move to Waldau. Lukowo has a lovely lakeside location that is 3.5 kilometers east of Sypniewo. Christoph also had responsibilities in the village of Ossowo where the land was in his and his descendant's name (see Ossowo). He was the son of Johan Remus and Christine Berent (see Lanken below). In 1749, Ludwica Dzialynski of Sypniewo owned the land.
Daniel Remus Waldau Cammin 18113047 6039 227 51
Daniel Remuss Waldau Cammin Zempelberg 18113047 6041 115 51 (duplicate)
Johan Daniel was living with wife (Dorothea Runk), two daughters (likely Marianna Elisabeth and Anna Dorothea), and two hired male farm workers. He was a kruger - a tavern keeper - and also farmed. He was born in Lukowo, see his father Christoph Remus above.
The Johan Remus and Christine Berent line
(son Lorenz Christoph Remus and wife Marianna Wenski):
Note that above Lorenz Christoph Remus and wife Marianna Wenski were living in the same village (Vorwerk Lukowo) as Christoph. They continued to stay there as Christoph moved on to Waldau above. In 1749, Ludwica Dzialynski of Sypniewo owned the land. Eventually by the time of the 1772 census, Lorenz Christoph had moved to Vorwerk Gnielke where he was a gentleman farmer till his death in the late 1770's.
DKF associates Schwente (below) with two simultaneous Schwente Frieschultz, Martin Remus from 1751 onward for the Poles in the village and David Wenski from 1732 onward for the Germans in the village; they both had large sections of land at the head of the village. Marianna Wenski (David's sister and Daniel's aunt) married Lorenz Christoph Remus of Vorwerk Lukowo suggesting that Lorenz maybe may be the brother of Martin.
Wenski, Daniel Schwente Crojanke 18113050 6039 372
David Wenski was Schultz (wife Sussanna Splittgerber) beginning on 4 January 1732. His son Daniel is shown in the census; he was living with wife (Anna Dorothea Tonn), 2 daughters (Susanna and Eva) and 2 male hired workers, and 2 female hired workers at the time of the census. It is likely that Danielís sister married Lorenz Christoph Remus.
Marianna Wenski (David's sister) married Lorenz Christoph Remus of Vorwerk Lukowo suggesting that Lorenz maybe may be the brother of Martin. Lorenz Christoph apparently had moved to a gut in nearby Vorwerk Gnielke just across the border by the time of the 1772 census (and died there).
Pzernus (Remus) Lorintz Kleindorf/Dreidorf Grabionne 9 - 218
Lorenz was head of household, his wife Marianna Wenski and one daughter (most likely Helena (Elnor) Remus soon to be wife of Martin Busse).
Wenski, Daniel Schwente Crojanke 18113050 6039 372
David Wenski was Schultz (wife Sussanna Splittgerber) beginning on 4 January 1732. His son Daniel is shown in the census; he was living with wife (Anna Dorothea Tonowa), 2 daughters (Susanna and Eva) and 2 male hired workers, and 2 female hired workers at the time of the census. (See Schwente and Waldowo)
Remus, Johann Wantzburg Cammin 18113047 6039 221 48
Remus, Johann Wantzburg Cammin 18113047 6041 112 48 (duplicate)
Johann David Remus, son of Lorenz Christoph Remus amd Marianna Wenski above, is living with his wife (Rosina Busse) and one son (?). There were three in household. He is under the heading Burger/citizens followed by word -cker, which could be the word Acker/farmer (one who has acreage). He was also a magistrate in Wantzburg.
Martin Remus and Katharina Nitz
Brother of Johan Remus and Christine Berent
Remus, Schulze Schwente Crojanke 18113050 6039 372
Schwente is a Germanized version of the Polish Swieta meaning holy hill; this refers to the tumuli (prehistoric sand mountain) near the center of the village. DKF (p. 295) says the Schulzengut was acquired on 2 August 1751 by Martin Remus and his wife Katharina nee Nitz. Martin's son Christoph Remus (who died in 1777) followed Martin Remus. Franz Remus, who sold the land on 24 March 1796, followed. Gottlieb Remus "Freikrüger aus Schmirdau" (see below - Caspar's son) bought the land back again briefly some time after 1804 and sold it again on 13 October 1806. Krüger means publican/tavern keeper.
The Schultz above is most likely Martin Remus living with wife (Katharina Nitz), two sons over 12 years old (Christoph and Franz), one daughter under 12 years old (?), another daughter over 12 years old (Helena), two hired male workers, and one hired female worker; there were nine in household. The Schultz for this census could also be his son Christoph. Augustin Dzialynski of Pottlitz owned the land.
In the text of the 1773 Krojanke tax records report Schultz Remus' complaints about sandy soil which needed lots of compost and about the fact that his position of Schultz was not inheritable by his sons. This may have been why this Remus family left Schwente.
Remus, Casper Smierdau Crojanke 18113050 6039 390 28
Casper was living with wife (second wife Ludovica/Louise), six sons (3 over 12 years old (Michael, Gottlieb (who briefly was Schultz in Schwente) and ?) and 3 under 12 years old (Johan, Adalbert, and Gottfried), one hired male worker, and one hired female worker. There were ten in household. ZBS (p. 60) says the "Dorfkrug" was acquired by Martin Remus on 18 November 1749 and later passed to his son Casper who was then living in Preuss Friedland. Martin probably was the kruger prior to 1749. The dorfkrug also included as much land as that held by a regular farmer. The tavern (krug) was located about one third of the way from Flatow to Vandsburg on the main road. The tavern (krug) was located about one third of the way from Flatow to Vandsburg on the main road; it burned down around 1859. Augustin Dzialynski of Pottlitz owned the land.
Remus, Peter Waldau Cammin 18113047 6039 227 51
Remuss, Peter Waldau Cammin 18113047 6041 115 51 (duplicate)
Paechter des Vorwerks, Peter Remuss; living with wife (Barbara Juliana Zyck/Pufal), three sons (my gggrandfather Daniel, Christoph, and Johan Georg), one daughter (Anna Maria), two hired male workers, and three hired female workers. There were a total of 11 in household. Peter died in 1778 and his wife Barbara married Johan Christian Grugel of Insdorf (Doringsdorf?) in nearby Konitz Parish.
Paechter des Vorwerks means renter of an extension of the village some distance from the village. Since his sons were all shepherds, perhaps the latter living arrangement may reflect being shepherds. Peter was the son of Caspar of Smierdau above.
Franz Remus and Anna Catharina
Brother of Johan Remus and Christine Berent
Remus, Frantz Stretzin Schlochau 18113097 6041 757 60
Frantz was living with wife (Anna Catharina ?), 2 sons (Frantz and Michael), 1 daughter (Catharina), 4 male hired workers, and 3 female hired workers. Franz was born in 1711 and died in 1797. The 1782 to 1788 tax records show no Remus in this village. Stretzin has an old church built by the Teutonic Knights prior to 1500 and is not far from Lanken and Ossowo; the church records are at Preuss Friedland.
Andreas Rotzoll married Anna Margaretha Remus, daughter of Frantz Remus of Stretzin.
Rotzoll, Andreas Polnitz Schlochau 18113097 6041 763 55
Andreas lives with wife, two sons (Franz and Johan), one daughter (one of Christina, Marianna, and Eva Rosina), two hired male workers, and two hired female workers. There are nine in household.
Both of the following are Christian Freidrich Rotzol and his wife Marie Elisabeth Remus (daughter of Frantz Remus of Stretzin above):
Rotzol, Christ. Krojanten Schlochau 18113094 6041 664 2782
He presently lives in a household consisting of himself, one woman, 2 sons under 12 (Samuel and ?), one daughter above 12 (Margarete Elisabeth), one daughter below 12 (Anna Dorothea), and 4 hired male workers and one hired female worker. This village is Krojanken, Kries Konitz.
Rotzol, Christ. Powalcke Schlochau 18113095 6041 723 2589
He presently lives in a household consisting of three male workers and two female hired workers. He is an arrend - tenant of an estate. The estate owner does not live in this household so he must also be Christian Freidrich Rotzel living in nearby Krojanten. This village is Powalke, Kries Konitz.
Remus, Christ. Parchau Amt Karthaus 18011009 6034 324 327
Remus, Christ. Parchau Karthaus 18011009 6037 309 327(duplicate)
Christian Friedrich Remus lived with his wife (Anna Dorothea Romer), one son (Johan Friedrich), one daughter (Maria Gottiebe) and two hired male workers; there were six in household. Christian Friedrich Remus and family moved to the Danzig area no later than 1769. He was the son of Frantz of Stretzin above.
Jakob Nehring married Eva Rosina Remus, daughter of Frantz Remus of Stretzin. So the Remus genes, if not the name, were still present. Deutsches Geschlechterbuch (vol. 140, p. 132) says Jakob was Frieschultz of Lanken in 1775; the Nehrings did not sell the schultzengut until 1799. Alexander Dzialynski of Pottlitz owned the land in 1724 and Augustin Dzialynski owned the land in 1752. The land census record for Jakob is:
*Naehring, ? Lanken Crojanke 18113050 6039 381 21
He presently lives in a household consisting of himself, one woman, three sons, one daughter, two hired male workers and two female hired workers. He is a schultz.
Klawiter, Peter Bucholtz Schlochau 18113096 6041 743 42
Widower Peter Klawitter married Susanna Remus in Buchholz, she was the daughter of Frantz Remus of Stretzin above. They moved to Zbosse and he became Schultz for the village (Susanna's likely uncle Peter Remus was the Schultz after 1718). The 1772 census found Peter Klawitter, Susanna, two sons (Martin and Johan), one daughter (?), two hired male workers, and one hired female worker; there were eight in household. Martin Klawitter became Schultz in Zbosse after his father Peter Klawitter.
August Blanke in his 1936 book on Kries Schlochau says that Peter Klawitter was originally the landlord of the tavern in Buchholz. Around 1783 Peter Klawitter exchanged the Buchholz Krug for the Zbosse Frieschulzengut (the village head's house) with the Remus family of Zbosse. Johan Remus became the Kruger of Buchholtz and is so shown in 1791. So this Johan Remus is the prior Zbosse Schultzengut resident Peter Remus' eldest son Johan Ludwig Remus (b. 1763). Why this swap occurred is not clear but it happened just after a fire badly burned the village of Zbosse.
Johan Remus married Ann Koeppen. He soon died and Ann married Johan Halweg and later Andreas Janke. According to Blanke, this property in Buchholz remained in the family into the 20th century. That is, the property was lost to the Remus family.
Peter Remus of Zbosse
Remus, ? Zbojen Cammin 18113047 6039 244 2580
Remus, ? Zbosen Cammin Flatow 18113047 6041 123 2580 (duplicate)
Zbosse was a very early place in West Prussia to become both German and Lutheran. There was a Lutheran prayer house in Zbosse as early as 1620; it was disestablished in 1714 by Polish law. DKF lists a Peter Remus getting schultzenprivileg for Zbosse in 1718. The details are in LDS microfilm 491232 that shows a copy in German of a 14 June 1718 document. Peter is buying the Schultzprivileg and the estate Lehmanngut from his brother in law Martin Gieus; Martin Gieus may be from the prominent Gieus family of Danzig that had land holdings in the area or Martin Gies of Schlochau. Johan Jacob Potulicke owned the property.
The above Peter is the father of the Peter in the census. The Peter in the census received the above property plus 4 farms in this village and 8 farms in nearby Wissoka from his father in 18 January 1748. This privileg is shared with Peter Scharmer. Alexander Pottilice owned the property.
The Zbosse church book names Peter Remus as the Schultz during this period. The census says that the Schultz (Peter) was living with wife (Catharina Thoms), two sons (Johan Ludwig and Peter), three daughters (Dorothea Elisabeth, Anna Marie, and Catharina), five hired male workers, and three hired female workers; there were fifteen in household. This Peter is not the same Peter shown for Waldau above. The Germanized village name Zbosse is probably from the Polish Zboze meaning grain.
Hoppa, ? Kl. Wollwitz Cammin Zempelburg 18113047 6041 122 58
Hoppa, ? Wollwitz Cammin 18113047 6039 240 58 (duplicate)
This family consists of a man (Caspar Hoppe), a wife (Barbara Elisabeth Remus daughter of Peter Remus the elder of Zbosse), three sons (one of which is Peter), one daughter (Eva Rosina), two hired male workers, and one hired female worker. There are nine in household. The two other sons may be Peter Hoppe's contemporaries Daniel and Johan located in a nearby parish.
Michael Remus the Elder and Michael Remus the younger of Pollnitz
The earliest appearance of a Michael Remus the elder is in 1737 when he combines three undeveloped farmsteads in Pollnitz, Kries Schlochau into one named Kölmergut (DKF) (Kölm is loam (good farming soil) so Kölmer is farmer with good land, gut is estate - so Kölmergut is a farmer's estate). This was in the wake of the Northern war when the village was ruined. So this Michael the elder seemed to have money and also influence with the Polish nobility in order to do this. This privilege was approved by the King of Poland in 1739. The owners of the village lived in Danzig.
Michael Remus the elder must have been at least in his mid twenties placing his birth date in 1710 or before. This would make him contemporary to Johan Remus of Lanken or Martin Remus of Schwente. I don't have birth records for his children but I do have marriage records and links to his son Michael the younger. In 1764 Adam Mux married Dorothea Elisabeth Remus daughter of the Michael Remus the elder of Pollnitz.
The Kölmergut privileg of Michael Remus provided free wood from the estate for the hearth and gave the right to employ at least 2 workers to fish in the lakes on his property and hold sheep plus the right to brew beer and spirits. (DKS by Blanke, p. 516). The usual West Prussia farmer did not have such rights.
On 29 October 1743 we find a Michael Remus the younger and Elisabeth baptizing Samuel in Prechlau, not far from Pollnitz. This is the son of Michael Remus the elder above as Michael Remus the elder is said to be dead. Michael the younger (shown as a Miller in 1743 and later in a 1788 land record of his son in law Adam Mux) and wife Elisabeth have many sons and daughters. When I finally got the Prechlau church book, I found a total of 14 children being born to this couple. By 1772 they have moved to Okiersk where their three youngest daughters marry and where their eldest son Jacob also lives.
According to DKS by Blanke (p. 516), in 1781 the Kölmergut was bought by Jacob Prochowski of Pollnitz (Blanke is not explicit but says Prochowski bought/traded the gut from Remus - presumably Michael), on Prochowski's death Kölmergut came into the possession of Johan Natz, who Prochowski's widow had married.
Here are the 1772 census records for this family:
Michael Remus the younger and Elisabeth now in Okiersk
Remus, Michel Ockiersk Tuchel 18113128#131 6042 2540 734
Michel was living with wife Elisabeth, one son over 12 (Likely Michael born in 1748), 3 daughters over 12 (Eva Rosina, Barbara, and Catharina), 2 male hired workers, 1 female hired worker.
Dorothea Elisabeth Remus sister of Michael Remus the younger.
Mix, Adam Polnitz Schlochau 18113097 6041 763 55
Listed as "Freigut", living with wife, five sons (Carl, Simon, Franz, and two others), three daughters (Dorothea and two others), one male worker, one female worker, total of 12 in household.
Jacob Remus, the eldest son of Michael Remus the younger.
Remus, Jacob Sumini Tuchel 18113123 6043 2453 34
Jacob lives with his wife (Marianne Hebal) and 3 sons under 12 (Jacob & ?). After the census, they had son Martin and daughter Catharina. Sometime after 1772, they lived in nearby Okiersk. Johan Jacob was the son of Michael of Okiersk above.
Remuss, Michael Polnitz Schlochau 18113097 6041 763 55
Michael was living with wife (Catherine Klotz), 2 sons (Johan Georg and Michael), and 2 daughters (Maria Elisabeth and Catherine). The Michael in the 1772 census is NOT the son of an earlier Michael in this village who had recently moved from Pollnitz to Okiersk (see above). 1782 finds the later Michael of Polnitz paying taxes on 20 wild rabbits that he took.
Johan Remus of Bergelau
August Blanke in his 1936 book on Kries Schlochau says that Johan Remus was a miller in Bergelau in 1710; he locates the mill in Rogonica which is actually between Pollnitz and Bergelau.. The water mill had two courses. Johan apparently died about 1720 and the mill was sold to Andreas Rogonica. Shortly thereafter Michael Remus the miller appears in Pollnitz and with the money and influence to obtain and consolidate three farms into a Kölmergut as described above. Thus, it seems likely that Michael was the son of Johan and carried on the family business. It is also possible that the estate and influence of Johan may have gone to other children ( perhaps Johan, Martin, and Franz).
Remus, Johan Jakubowo Schlochau 18113094 6041 663 2783
Living with wife, 1 son over 12, 3 sons under 12, and one daughter under 12. In the 1772 census Johan is the only head of household listed in Jakubowo (Jakobswalde). This could be the estate (gut) on the road from Preuss Friedland to Peterswalde - and not far from Stretzin. Or it could be Jakubowo in Kries Konitz..
Schwichtenberg, Christ. Woziwodda Tuchel 18113124 6043 2459 16
The household is one man, one female (his wife Dorothea Elisabeth Bahr), 2 daughters under 12 (Catherine and ?) , one male youth hired worker and one female hired worker; he is a tenant of an estate. Catherine married Johan Remus of Summin.
Klotz, Christian Woziwoda Tuchel 18,113,124 6042 850
The household is one man, one woman (his wife Dorothea Warmbier), and no sons or daughters listed, he was an "instleute" - meaning day laborer. His daughter Eva was already married. Eva married Johan Michael Remus of Summin.
Bonin, Andreas Grunow Cammin 18113047 6039 161 9
The household is one man, one woman (his wife Esther Jescke), 3 sons (Peter, Andreas and ?), 3 daughters (Anna, Maria Elisabeth, and ?), one male hired worker and one female hired worker; Andreas was a miller . Maria Elisabeth married Franz Remus, miller and schultz of Okiersk. Franz was the son of Michael Remus of Okiersk above.
LDS does not have these records. The only other place you could find them is in the Johann Herder Institute in Marburg, Germany or the State Archive in Marburg or the Scientific Institution library in Torun, Poland.
The number is a section number put on the page by the filming crew in 1962. It helps to clearly identity the names since there are so many names.
More detail for the above is provided by the March 1773 tax records of Krojanke district which is on lds microfilm 491164.
March 30, 2006