Wusterbarth, Kreis Belgard, Pommern

 

 

Wusterbarth was an important location for the Rotzoll family. The earliest recorded Rotzoll lived here, his name was David Rotzoll. The first story is that he worked and was the manager of the manorial farm that was here in this village. The second story is that he owned this manorial farm. The third story is that he actually lived in the town of Belgard. In any case, here are some pictures of the village including places David would have known. At the end of this page I will find the first story the most likely.

 

Saint Katherineís was the village church. It was built in 1693-94 and so David would have seen it. Here is a picture of the exterior followed by a picture of the old details on the window and doors:

 

 

 

Inside many of the elements of the church go back to his time.Here is the altar:

 

 

 

Note the writing on the panel on the balcony to the right of the altar. In Davidís time this village was a large manorial farm owned by the von Wolde family shown here on that balcony panel of the church:

 

 

Here is the pulpit and baptismal of the church:

 

 

 

 

Outside the church is an old Linden tree that is said to date back to Davidís time here.

 

 

The manorial house (gut) shown on the map was destroyed after WW II as this manorial farm became a state owned communal farm. It the background on the next picture you see the workers housing from the post war era (Osteo Bardo is the Polish name of the village).

 

 

 

Other elements of the old estate remain like the house where the estate manager lived. This house is too modern for Davidís time but is likely the location of the prior estate managerís house. The noble Wolde family that owned this estate owner many other estates in Pommern so they would have needed a manager.

 

 

 

And lots of barns are on the estate and shown on the initial map:

 

 

The Rotzol family was associated with water, wind and glass mills and there was a water mill here. The mill is gone but the mill pond remains:

 

 

 

My experience in Wusterbarth was enhanced by meeting the Priests who now serve at this church. They also were responsible for getting grants to restore the Wusterbarth church to its former glory. Here we are in front of the restored church:

 

 

 

 

So the first story Rotzoll oral history is consistent with what I saw. There was a large manorial farm that did make use of the talents of an estate manager like David Rotzol. The farm also had a water mill so David would be familiar with managing mills. Also we find the birth of at least Johan Andreas Rotzoll here in 1641. So support for this story. Not much for the second story. It seems Wusterbarth was owned by the von Wolde family during this period so it was not owned by the Rotzolls. The third story said he lived in the town of Belgard, a town near Wusterbarth. That is possible but he and his wife lived in Wusterbarth for part of his life if not all of his life; they were clearly in Wusterbarth.

 

In the era when Augustus the Strong was King of both Saxony and Poland, the descendents of David moved to Rotzollen near Konitz where they had a land grant from Augustus and where their story continues.

 

It is worth noting that I believe the Rotzoll family originally came from Saxony. The evidence is only circumstantial. First there were officers in the Saxon army of that era named Rotzoll. Second the Rotzoll family got a land grant from the Augustus the King of Saxony and Poland. Third in Rotzollen they married other people from Saxony (for example ladies in my Remus family).

 

 

 

 

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Please send any queries to Bill Remus at

Remus@hawaii.edu

September 1, 2014